The Good News According to John
1:1 ¶ | At the Beginning the Word already was: | The Word was with God; | And the Word was God.
1:2 ¶ | He was with God at the Beginning;
3 | It was through him that everything began, | And not a single thing began apart from him. | That which began
4 in him was Life itself; | That Life was the Light of mankind;
5 | And that Light has been shining in the darkness, | And the darkness has never overpowered it.
1:6 ¶ | There appeared, with a message from God, a man whose name was John;
7 | He came to bear testimony—to testify to the Light, | That every one, through him, might come to believe in it.
8 | Not that he was the Light, | But his part was to testify to the Light.
1:9 ¶ | That Light was the true Light, which enlightens every man on his coming into the world.
10 | He was already in the world; | Through him the world began, | Yet the world did not recognize him.
¶ | He came to what was his own, | Yet those who were his own did not receive him;
12 | But to all who did he gave the right to become children of God— | To those who believe in him.
13 | It was not to natural conception, nor to human instincts, nor to any man’s choice, | But to God himself, that they owed this Life.
¶ | The Word then became man, and made a home among us, | (We saw the honour given him—such honour as an only son receives from his father), | And he abounded in mercy and truth;
15 | (John himself bears testimony to him; he cried—for the words were his— | ‘The One who was to Come after me is now in advance of me, | For he was already before me’);
16 | Indeed, out of his abundance we have every one received a share, | Yes, mercy upon mercy;
17 | For, while the
Law was given through Moses, | Mercy and truth came through Jesus
¶ This is the
testimony of John, which he gave when the Jews sent some Priests and Levites to
20 He owned, without attempting to deny it, he
owned that he was not the
21 “What then? are you Elijah?” they asked. “No,” he said, “I am not.” “Are you the Prophet?” “No,” he answered.
22 “Who then are you?” they continued; “tell us, that we may have some answer to give to those who have sent us. What do you say about yourself?”
24 This deputation had come from the Pharisees;
25 and their next question was:
“Why then are you baptizing, if you are not the
26 “I am baptizing in water,” was John’s answer, “but there is standing among you one whom you do not know,
27 who is, indeed, coming after me; but I am not worthy even to undo his shoe.”
28 All this took place at
¶ On the following day John saw Jesus coming towards him, and exclaimed: “There is the Lamb of God, who is to take away the sin of the world!
30 It was of him that I spoke when I said, ‘After me there is coming a man who is now in advance of me, for he was already before me.’
31 I did not myself know him, but it is in
order that he may be made known to
32 John also bore this testimony— “I have seen the Spirit coming down from the sky like a dove, and it remained upon him.
33 I did not myself know him, but he who sent me to baptize in water, he himself said to me, ‘The one on whom you see the Spirit coming down and remaining—he is the one who baptizes in the holy Spirit.’
34 I have seen this myself, and have borne my testimony to his being the Son of God.”
¶ Again, on the following day, John was standing with two of his disciples,
36 when, looking at Jesus as he was walking, he exclaimed: “There is the Lamb of God!”
37 The two disciples heard him say this, and followed Jesus.
38 Presently Jesus turned round, and saw them following. “What are you looking for?” he asked. “Rabbi,” they answered (or “Teacher,” as we should say), “where are you staying?”
39 “Come, and you shall see,” he replied. So they went, and saw where he was staying, and spent that day with him. It was then about four in the afternoon.
40 One of the two that heard what John said and followed Jesus was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother.
41 The first thing he did
was to find his own brother Simon, and say to him: “We have found the Messiah!”
which means ‘
42 Andrew then brought him to Jesus. Fixing his eyes on him, Jesus said: “You are Simon, the son of John; you shall be called Cephas” (or ‘Peter,’ which means ‘Rock’).
¶ The following
day Jesus decided to leave for
44 Philip was from
45 He found Nathanael and said to him: “We have found him of whom Moses wrote in the Law, and of whom the Prophets also wrote. It is Jesus of Nazareth, Joseph’s son!”
46 “Can anything good come out of
47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming towards him, and remarked: “Here is a true Israelite, who has no deceit in him!”
48 “How is it that you know me?” Nathanael asked. “Even before Philip called you,” Jesus replied, “when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.”
49 “Rabbi,” Nathanael exclaimed, “you are the Son of God, you are King of Israel!”
50 “Do you believe in me,” Jesus asked, “because I told you that I saw you under the fig tree? You shall see greater things than that!
51 Believe me,” he added, “you shall all see Heaven wide open, and the angels of God going up and coming down upon the Son of Man.”
2:1 ¶ Two days after this there was a wedding
2 Jesus himself, too, was invited, with his disciples.
3 The wine ran short, so his mother said to him: “They have no wine left.”
4 “What do you want with me?” Jesus answered; “my time has not come yet.”
5 His mother said to the servants: “Do whatever he tells you.”
6 There were six stone water-jars standing there, as required by the Jews’ regulations as to ‘purification.’ They each held twenty or thirty gallons.
7 “Fill the water-jars with water,” Jesus said to the servants. When they had filled them up to the brim,
8 he said to them: “Now take some out, and carry it to the Master of the Feast.” The servants did so.
9 And when the Master of the Feast had tasted the water which had now become wine, without knowing where it had come from—though the servants who had taken out the water knew—he called the bridegroom
10 and said to him: “Every one else puts his good wine on the table first, and his poorer wine as soon as the guests have drunk deeply; but you have kept back the good wine till now!”
11 This sign of his mission, which Jesus gave
¶ After this,
Jesus went down to
¶ Then, as the
Jewish Passover was near, Jesus went up to
14 In the Temple Courts he found those who were selling bullocks, sheep, and pigeons, and the bankers seated there.
15 So he made a whip of cord, and drove all the sheep and bullocks out of the Temple Courts. He scattered the bankers’ money, and overturned their tables,
16 and said to the pigeon-dealers: “Take these things away. Do not turn my Father’s House into a market-house.”
17 His disciples recollected that Scripture said— | ‘Zeal for thy House will consume me.’
18 Upon this the Jews asked Jesus: “What sign are you going to show us, since you act in this way?”
19 “Destroy this temple,” was his answer, “and I will raise it in three days.”
20 “This Temple,” the Jews replied, “has been building for forty-six years, and are you going to ‘raise it in three days’?”
21 But Jesus was speaking of his body as a temple.
22 Afterwards, when he had risen from the dead, his disciples recollected that he had said this; and they believed the words of Scripture, and what Jesus had said.
23 ¶ When Jesus was at
24 But Jesus, for his part, did not trust himself to them, since he could read every heart,
25 and because he had no need for others to tell him about any man; for he could of himself read what there was in a man.
3:1 ¶ There was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, who was a leading man among the Jews.
2 This man went to Jesus by night, and said to him: “Rabbi, we know that you are a Teacher come from God; for no one could give such signs as you are giving, unless God was with him.”
3 “Believe me,” Jesus
replied, “unless a man is born
over again, he cannot see the
4 “How can a man,” Nicodemus asked, “be born when he is old? Can he enter his mother’s womb again, and be born?”
5 “Believe me,” Jesus
answered, “unless a man owes
his birth to water and Spirit, he cannot enter the
6 All that owes its birth to human nature alone is only human, and all that owes its birth to the Spirit is spiritual.
7 Do not be surprised at my telling you that you all need to be born over again.
8 The wind blows where it wills, and you can hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from, or where it goes; it is the same with every one that owes his birth to the Spirit.”
9 “How can that be?” asked Nicodemus.
10 “What! You a teacher of
11 Believe me, we speak of what we know, and bear testimony about what we have seen; and yet you do not accept our testimony.
12 If, when I tell you about earthly things, you do not believe me, how will you believe me if I tell you about heavenly things?
13 There is no one gone up to Heaven, except the one who came down from Heaven—the Son of Man himself.
14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, so has the Son of Man to be lifted up;
15 that every one who believes in him may have enduring Life.”
¶ For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that no one who believes in him might be lost, but that all might have enduring Life.
17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn it, but for the world to be saved through him.
18 Those who believe in him escape condemnation, while those who do not believe in him are already condemned, on the ground of their not having believed in God’s only Son.
19 Their condemnation lies in this, that though the Light has come into the world, men liked the darkness more than the Light, because their actions were wicked.
20 Indeed all who are living wrongly hate the light, and will not come to it, for fear their actions should be exposed;
21 but those who act up to the truth come to the light, that their actions may be shown to have been done in reliance upon God.
¶ After this,
Jesus went with his disciples into the country parts of
23 John, too, was baptizing at Aenon near Salim, because there were many streams there; and people were constantly coming and being baptized.
25 A discussion arose between some of John’s disciples and a Jew on the subject of ‘purifications,’
26 and when John’s disciples returned to him,
they said: “Rabbi, the man who was with you on the other side of the
27 This was John’s answer— “A man can receive nothing except as enabled to do so from Heaven.
28 You are witnesses yourselves that I said
that I was not the
29 It is the bridegroom who has the bride; but the bridegroom’s friend, who stands by and listens to him, is happy indeed when he hears his voice. This is the happiness which I have experienced to the full.
30 He must become greater, and I less.”
¶ One who comes from above is above all others; but a child of earth is himself earthly, and his teaching earthly too. He who comes from Heaven is above all others.
32 It is about what he has seen and about what he heard that he bears his testimony, and yet no one accepts it.
33 Those who do so attest the fact that God is true.
34 God’s Messenger gives us God’s own teaching, for God does not limit the gift of the Spirit.
35 The Father loves his Son, and has put everything in his hands.
36 Those who believe in the Son have enduring Life, while those who reject the Son will not even see the Life, but they remain under God’s displeasure.
4:1 ¶ Now the Master heard that the Pharisees had been told that he was making and baptizing more disciples than John
2 (though it was not Jesus himself, but his disciples, who baptized).
3 When he heard this, he left
4 He had to pass through
5 and in doing so, he came to a town there called Shechem, near the plot of land that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
6 Jacob’s Spring was there, and Jesus, being tired after his journey, sat down, just as he was, close to it. It was then about mid-day.
7 A woman of
8 his disciples having gone into the town to buy provisions.
10 “If you knew of the gift of God,” Jesus replied, “and who it is that is asking you to give him some water, you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.”
11 “You have no bucket, Sir, and the well is deep,” she said; “where have you got that ‘living water’ from?
12 Surely you are not greater than our ancestor Jacob who gave us the well, and used to drink from it himself, and his sons, and his cattle too!”
13 “All who drink of this water,” Jesus replied, “will be thirsty again;
14 but whoever once drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty any more; but the water that I will give him will become a spring of water within him, welling up for enduring Life.”
15 “Give me this water, Sir,” said the woman, “so that I may not be thirsty, nor yet have to come all the way here to draw water.”
16 “Go and call your husband,” Jesus said, “and then come here.”
17 “I have no husband,” the woman answered. “You are right in saying that you have no husband,” replied Jesus,
18 “for you have had five husbands, and the man that you are now living with is not your husband; in saying that, you have spoken the truth.”
19 “I see, Sir, that you are a Prophet,” the woman said.
20 “It was on this mountain
that our ancestors worshipped; and yet you Jews say that the proper place for
worship is in
21 “Trust me,” Jesus
replied, “a time is coming when
it will not be on this mountain or in
22 You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, because salvation comes from the Jews.
23 But a time is coming, and indeed is already here, when the true worshippers will worship the Father spiritually, with true insight; for such is the worship that the Father desires.
24 God is Spirit; and those who worship him must worship spiritually, with true insight.”
25 “I know,” the woman answered, “that the
Messiah, who is called the
26 “I am the Messiah,” Jesus said to her, “I who am speaking to you.”
¶ At this point his disciples came up, and were surprised at his talking with a woman; none of them, however, asked what he wanted, or why he was talking with her.
28 So the woman left her pitcher behind, and went back to the town, and said to the people:
29 “Come and see somebody who has told me
everything that I have ever done; can he possibly be the
30 The people set out from the town on their way to see Jesus.
¶ Meanwhile the disciples kept saying to him: “Take something to eat, Rabbi.”
32 “I have food to eat,” he answered, “which you know nothing about.”
33 “Surely no one has brought him anything to eat!” the disciples said to one another.
34 “My food,” Jesus replied, “is to do the will of him who sent me, and to complete the work he has given me to do.
35 Do you not say that it still wants four months to harvest? Why, look up, and see how white the fields are for harvest!
36 Already the reaper is receiving wages and gathering in a crop for enduring Life, so that sower and reaper may rejoice together.
37 For here the proverb holds good—‘One sows, another reaps.’
38 I have sent you to reap a crop on which you have spent no labour; others have laboured, and you are having the benefit of their labour.”
4:39 ¶ Many from that town came to believe in Jesus—Samaritans though they were—on account of what the woman said, when she declared, ‘He has told me everything that I have ever done.’
40 When these Samaritans had come to Jesus, they begged him to stay with them, and he did stay two days there.
41 And many more came to believe in him on account of what he said himself;
42 and they said to the woman: “It is no longer because of your talk that we believe in him; for we have heard him ourselves and are sure that he really is the Saviour of the world.”
¶ After these
two days Jesus went on to
44 for he himself declared that ‘a Prophet gets no honour in his own country.’
45 When he reached
¶ So Jesus came again to
47 When this man heard that Jesus had returned
48 Jesus answered: “Unless you all see signs and wonders, you will never believe in me.”
49 “Do come down, Sir,” said the officer, “before my child dies.”
50 “You can go,” Jesus answered; “your son is alive and well.” The man believed what Jesus said to him, and went;
51 and he was already on his way down, when his servants met him, and told him that his boy was alive and well.
52 So he asked them at what time he began to get better. “It was yesterday, about ,” they said, “that the fever left him.”
53 The father knew by this that it had left him at the very time that Jesus had said to him, ‘Your son is alive and well’; and he himself believed in Jesus, and all his household too.
¶ This was the second occasion on which Jesus gave a
sign of his mission on returning from
5:1 ¶ Sometime after
this there was a Jewish Festival; so Jesus went up to
2 There is at
3 In these colonnades a large number of invalids were lying—some blind, some lame, and some crippled.
5 One man who was there had been an invalid for thirty-eight years.
6 Jesus saw the man lying there, and finding that he had been in this state a long time, said to him: “Do you want to get well?”
7 “I have no one, Sir,” the invalid answered, “to put me into the Bath when there is a movement of the water, and while I am getting to it, some one else steps down before me.”
8 “Get up,” Jesus said, “take your mat and walk.”
9a Immediately the man got well, and took his mat and began walking.
5:9b ¶ Now it was the Sabbath.
10 So the Jews said to the man who had been cured: “This is the Sabbath; you must not carry your mat.”
11 “The man who made me well,” he answered, “told me to take my mat and walk.”
12 “Who was it,” they asked, “that told you to do this?”
13 But the man who had been cured did not know who it was; for Jesus had moved away, as there was a crowd there.
14 Afterwards, Jesus found the man in the Temple Courts, and said to him: “You are well now; do not go on sinning, for fear of something worse befalling you.”
15 The man went away, and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well.
16 And that was why the Jews began to persecute Jesus—because he did things like this on the Sabbath.
17 Jesus explained: “My Father has gone on working to the present moment; I go on working too.”
18 This made the Jews all the more eager to kill him, because not only was he doing away with the Sabbath, but he actually called God his own Father—putting himself on an equality with God.
19 So Jesus gave this further explanation: “The Son, believe me, cannot do anything of himself; he only does what he sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, the Son does also.
20 The Father loves his Son, and shows him everything that he is doing; and he will show him greater things still—to your astonishment.
21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them Life, so also the Son gives Life to whomever he pleases.
22 Indeed the Father does not judge any one, but has entrusted the work of judging entirely to his Son,
23 so that everybody may honour the Son, just as they honour the Father. Those who do not honour the Son are not honouring the Father who sent him.
24 I assure you, those who listen to my teaching and believe him who sent me have enduring Life, and do not come under condemnation, but have already passed out of Death into Life.
25 I assure you, a time is coming, and is already here, when the Dead will listen to the voice of the Son of God, and when those who listen will live.
26 For just as the Father has life within himself, so he has given his Son Life, that he too may have it within himself.
27 And because he is man, he has also given him authority to act as judge.
28 Do not be surprised at this; for the time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice,
29 and will come out—those that have acted rightly rising to Life, and those that have lived wrongly rising for condemnation.
30 I cannot do anything of myself; it is as I am taught that I judge; and the judgement I pass is just, because my aim is not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me.
¶ If I bear testimony to myself, my testimony is not trustworthy;
32 it is another who bears testimony to me, and I know that the testimony which he bears to me is trustworthy.
33 You have yourselves sent to John, and he has testified to the Truth.
34 But the testimony which I receive is not from man; I am only saying this for your salvation.
35 He was the Lamp that was burning and shining, and you were ready to rejoice, for a time, in his light.
36 But the testimony which I have is of greater weight than John’s; for the things which the Father has given me to carry out—the very things which I am doing—are proof that I have come with a message from the Father.
37 The Father who has sent me has himself, too, borne testimony to me. You have never either listened to his voice, or seen his form;
38 and you have not his teaching always in mind, for you do not believe his Messenger.
39 You search the Scriptures because you suppose that you find in them enduring Life; and though it is those very Scriptures that bear testimony to me,
40 you refuse to come to me to have Life.
41 I do not, in any case, receive honour from men,
42 but I know this of you, that you have not the love of God in your hearts.
43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not receive me; if another comes in his own name, you will receive him.
44 How can you possibly believe in me when you receive honour from one another, while you do not try to obtain the honour which comes from the only God?
45 Do not suppose that I shall accuse you to the Father; your accuser is Moses, on whom you have been resting your hopes.
46 If you believed Moses, you would have believed me, for it was about me that Moses wrote;
47 but if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?”
6:1 ¶ Afterwards Jesus crossed the
2 A great crowd of people, however, followed him, because they saw the signs of his mission in his work among those who were ill.
3 Jesus walked up the hill, and sat down there with his disciples.
4 It was near the time of the Jewish Festival of the Passover.
5 On looking up, and noticing that a great crowd was coming towards him, Jesus said to Philip: “Where are we to buy bread for these people to eat?”
6 He said this to test him, for he himself knew what he meant to do.
7 “Twenty pounds’ worth of bread is not enough,” Philip answered, “for each of them to have a little.”
8 “There is a boy here,” said Andrew, another of his disciples, Simon Peter’s brother,
9 “who has five barley loaves and two fishes; but what is that for so many?”
10 “Make the people sit down,” Jesus said. There was plenty of grass at the spot; so the men among them sat down—about five thousand in number—
11 after which Jesus took the loaves, and having given thanks, gave them round to those who had seated themselves, and the same with the fish, giving the people as much of these as they wanted.
12 When they were satisfied, Jesus said to his disciples: “Pick up the pieces that are to spare, so that nothing may be wasted.”
13 The disciples did so, and loaded twelve baskets with the pieces of the five barley loaves, which were to spare after all had had enough.
¶ The people, when they saw the signs which Jesus gave, said: “This is certainly the Prophet, who was to Come into the world.”
15 So having discovered that they were intending to come and carry him off to make him King, Jesus retired again to the hill quite alone.
¶ After evening had fallen, his disciples went down to the lake,
17 and getting into a boat, began to cross to
18 the lake, too, was getting rough, for a strong wind was blowing.
19 When they had rowed three or four miles, they caught sight of Jesus walking on the water and getting near the boat; and they were afraid.
20 But Jesus said to them: “It is I; do not be afraid!”
21 After this, they were willing to take him into the boat; and the boat at once arrived off the shore, at the place for which they had been making.
¶ The people who remained on the further side of the lake had seen that only one boat had been there, and that Jesus had not got into it with his disciples, but that they had left without him.
23 Some boats, however, had come from Tiberias close to the spot where they ate the bread after the Master had given thanks.
24 So, next day, when the people saw that
Jesus was not there, or his disciples either, they themselves got into the
boats, and went to
25 They found him on the other side of the lake, and said: “When did you come here, Rabbi?”
26 “I tell you,” answered Jesus, “it is not on account of the signs which you saw that you are looking for me, but because you had plenty of bread to eat.
27 Do not work for perishable food, but work for that which lasts, and is food for enduring Life. This the Son of Man will give you, for it is upon him that the Father—God himself—has set the seal of his approval.”
28 “How,” they asked, “are we to do the things that God would have us do?”
29 “The thing God would have you do,” Jesus answered, “is to believe in God’s Messenger.”
30 “What sign, then, are you giving, which we may see, and so believe you? What is the work you are doing?” they asked.
31 “Our ancestors had manna to eat in the desert, for Scripture says—‘He gave them bread from Heaven to eat.’ ”
32 “Believe me,” Jesus replied, “Moses did not give you the bread from Heaven, but my Father does give you the true Bread from Heaven;
33 for the Bread God gives is that which comes down from Heaven, and gives Life to the world.”
34 “Master,” they said, “give us that Bread always!”
35 “I myself am the Life-giving Bread,” Jesus said to them; “those that come to me will never be hungry, and those that believe in me will never be thirsty any more.
36 But, as I have said already, you have actually seen me, and yet you do not believe in me.
37 All whom the Father gives me will come to me; and no one who comes to me will I ever turn away.
38 I have come down from Heaven—not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me;
39 and his will is this—that I should not lose one of all those whom he has given me, but should raise them from death at the Last Day.
40 For it is the will of my Father that every one who sees the Son, and believes in him, should have enduring Life; and then I myself will raise him from death at the Last Day.”
¶ Upon this the Jews began finding fault with Jesus for saying that he was the Bread which came down from Heaven.
42 “Is not this Jesus, Joseph’s son,” they asked, “whose father and mother we know? How is it that he says now that he has come down from Heaven?”
43 “Do not find fault with me among yourselves,” said Jesus in reply.
44 “No one can come to me, unless the Father who sent me draws him to me; and then I will myself raise him from death at the Last Day.
45 It is said in the Prophets—‘And they shall all be taught by God.’ All who are instructed by the Father and learn from him come to me.
46 Not that any one has seen the Father, with the exception of the one who is from God; he has seen the Father.
47 I assure you, those who believe in me have enduring Life.
48 I myself am the Life-giving Bread.
49 Your forefathers had manna to eat in the desert, and yet died.
50 The Bread that comes down from Heaven is such that any one may eat of it, and never die.
51 I myself am the living Bread that has come down from Heaven. If any one eats of this Bread, he will live for ever; yes, and the Bread which I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the Life of the world.”
¶ Upon this the Jews began disputing with one another: “How is it possible for this man to give us his flesh to eat?”
53 “Believe me,” Jesus answered, “unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man, and drink his blood, you have not Life within you.
54 Those who take my flesh for their food, and drink my blood, have enduring Life; and I will raise them from death at the Last Day.
55 For my flesh is true food, and my blood true drink.
56 Those who take my flesh for their food, and drink my blood, are always in union with me, and I with them.
57 As the living Father made me his Messenger, and as I live because the Father does, so those who take me for their food will live because I do.
58 Such then is the Bread that has come down from Heaven—not such as your forefathers ate, and yet died; those who take this Bread for their food will live for ever.”
59 All this Jesus said in a Synagogue, when he
was teaching in
6:60 ¶ On hearing it, many of his disciples said: “This is harsh saying! Who can bear to listen to it?”
61 But Jesus, conscious that his disciples were finding fault with it, said to them: “Is this a hindrance to you?
62 What then if you should see the Son of Man going up to where he was before?
63 It is the Spirit that gives Life; mere flesh is of no avail. The truths that I have been teaching you are spiritual and life-giving;
64 yet there are some of you who do not believe them.” Jesus knew from the first who they were that did not believe, and who it was that would betray him;
65 and he added: “This is why I told you that no one can come to me, unless enabled to do so by the Father.”
6:66 ¶ In consequence of this many of his disciples drew back, and did not go about with him any longer.
67 So Jesus said to the Twelve: “Do you also wish to leave me?”
68 “To whom shall we go, Master?” Simon Peter answered. “Your teaching leads to enduring Life;
69 and we have learnt to believe and are sure that you are the Holy One of God.”
70 “Did not I myself choose you to be the Twelve?” Jesus replied; “and yet, even of you, one is an enemy.”
71 He meant Judas, the son of Simeon Iscariot, who was about to betray him, though he was one of the Twelve.
7:1 ¶ After this,
Jesus went about in
2 The time of the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles being near,
3 his brothers said to him: “You should leave
this part of the country, and go into
4 For no one does a thing privately when his aim is to be widely known. Since you do these things, you should show yourself publicly to the world.”
5 For even his brothers did not believe in him.
6 “My time,” Jesus answered, “is not come yet, but your time is here always.
7 The world cannot hate you, but it does hate me, because I testify that its ways are wicked.
8 Go up to the Festival yourselves; I am not going up to it yet, because the time for me to do so has not quite come.”
9 After telling them this, he still stayed on
¶ But when his brothers had gone up to the Festival, Jesus went up too—not publicly, but privately.
11 The Jews were looking for him at the Festival and asking where he was;
13 No one, however, spoke freely about him for fear of the Jews.
¶ About the middle of the Festival week, Jesus went up into the Temple Courts, and began teaching.
15 The Jews were astonished. “How has this man got his learning, when he has never studied?” they asked.
16 In reply, Jesus said: “My teaching is not my own; it is his who sent me.
17 If any one has the will to do God’s will, he will find out whether my teaching is from God, or whether I speak on my own authority.
18 A man who speaks on his own authority is eager for honour for himself; but a man who is eager for the honour of him that sent him is sincere, and there is nothing false about him.
19 Was not it Moses who gave you the Law? Yet none of you obey it! Why are you eager to put me to death?”
20 “You must be possessed!” the people exclaimed. “Who is eager to put you to death?”
21 “There was one thing I did,” replied Jesus, “at which you are all still wondering.
22 This is why Moses has instituted circumcision among you—not that it began with him, but with our ancestors—and why you circumcise even on a Sabbath.
23 When a man receives circumcision on a Sabbath to prevent the Law of Moses being broken, how can you be angry with me for making a man sound and well on a Sabbath?
24 Do not judge by appearances; judge justly.”
¶ At this some
of the people of
26 Yet here he is, speaking out boldly, and
they do not say anything to him! Is it possible that our leading men have
really discovered that he is the
27 Yet we know where this man is from; but
28 So Jesus, as he was teaching in the Temple Courts, raised his voice, and said: “Yes; you know me, and you know where I am from. Yet I have not come on my own authority, but he who sent me is trustworthy; and him you do not know.
29 For myself, I do know him, for it is from him that I have come, and I am his Messenger.”
30 This made them eager to arrest him; but no one touched him, for his time was not come yet.
31 Many of the people, however, believed in
him. “When the
¶ The Pharisees heard the people whispering about him in this way, and so the Chief Priests and the Pharisees sent constables to arrest him;
33 on which Jesus said: “I shall be with you but a little longer, and then I am going to him who sent me.
34 You will look for me, and you will not find me; and you will not be able to go where I shall be.”
35 “Where is he going,” the Jews asked one another, “that we shall not find him? Will he go to our countrymen scattered among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks?
36 What does he mean by saying, ‘You will look for me, and you will not find me; and you will not be able to go where I shall be’?”
¶ On the last and greatest day of the Festival, Jesus, who was standing by, exclaimed: “If any one is thirsty, let him come to me, and drink.
38 From the heart of those who believe in me will flow, as is said in Scripture, rivers of living water.”
39 (By this he meant the Spirit, which those who had believed in him were to receive; for the Spirit had not yet come, because Jesus had not yet been exalted.)
40 Some of the people, when they heard these words, exclaimed: “This is certainly the Prophet!”,
41 others: “This is the
42 Is it not said in Scripture that it is of
the race of David, and from
43 So there was a division of opinion among the people on his account;
44 some of them wanted to arrest him, but yet no one touched him.
¶ When the constables returned to the Chief Priests and Pharisees, they were met with the question: “Why have you not brought him?”
46 “No man has ever spoken as he does!” they answered.
47 “What! have you been led astray too?” the Pharisees replied.
48 “Have any of our leading men believed in him, or any of the Pharisees?
49 As for these people who do not know the Law—they are cursed.”
50 But one of their number, Nicodemus, who had formerly visited Jesus, said to them:
51 “Does our Law pass judgement on a man without first giving him a hearing, and finding out what he has been doing?”
52 “Are you also from
¶ [And every one went home
8:1 except Jesus, who went to the
2 But he went again into the Temple Courts early in the morning, where all the people came to him; and he sat down and taught them.
3 Presently, however, the Rabbis and Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and placed her in the middle of the Court,
4 and said to Jesus: “Teacher, this woman was found in the very act of adultery.
5 Now Moses, in the Law, commanded us to stone such women to death; what do you say?”
6 They said this to test him, in order to have a charge to bring against him. But Jesus stooped down, and wrote on the ground with his finger.
7 However, as they continued asking him, he raised himself, and said: “Let the man among you who has never done wrong throw the first stone at her.”
8 And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground.
9 When they heard that, they went out one by one, beginning with the eldest; and Jesus was left alone with the woman in the middle of the Court.
10 Raising himself, Jesus said to her: “Woman, where are they? Did no one condemn you?”
11 “No one, Master,” she answered. “Neither do I condemn you,” said Jesus; “go, and never sin again.”]
¶ Jesus again addressed the people: “I am the Light of the World. Those who follow me will never have to walk in darkness, but will have the Light of Life.”
13 “You are bearing testimony to yourself!” the Pharisees exclaimed; “your testimony is not trustworthy.”
14 “Even if I do so,” answered Jesus, “my testimony is trustworthy; for I know where I came from, and where I am going; but you do not know where I come from, or where I am going.
15 You are judging by appearances; I am not judging any one.
16 Yet even if I were to judge, my decisions would be trustworthy; because I am not alone, but I have with me the Father who sent me.
17 Why, in your own Law it is said that the testimony of two persons is trustworthy.
18 I, who bear testimony to myself, am one, and the Father who sent me is the second.”
19 “Where is your father, then?” they asked. “You do not know either me or my Father,” Jesus replied; “if you had known me, you would have known my Father too.”
20 These statements were made by Jesus in the Treasury, while he was teaching in the Temple Courts. Yet no one arrested him, for his time had not then come.
¶ Jesus again spoke to them. “I am going away,” he said, “and you will look for me, yet you will die in your sin; you cannot come where I am going.”
22 “Is he going to kill himself,” the Jews exclaimed, “that he says that we cannot go where he is going?”
23 “You,” Jesus added, “are from below, I am from above; you are of this present world, I am not;
24 and so I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am what I say, you will die in your sins.”
25 “Who are you?” they asked. “Why ask the very thing about which I have been speaking to you all along?” said Jesus.
26 “I have still much that concerns you to speak of and to pass judgement on; yet he who sent me is trustworthy, and the things I speak of to the world are only those which I have learnt from him.”
27 They did not understand that he meant the Father.
28 So Jesus added: “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will understand that I am what I say, and that I do nothing of myself, but that I speak just as the Father has taught me.
29 Moreover, he who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone; for I always do what pleases him.”
30 As he was speaking in this way, many believed in him.
¶ So Jesus went on to say to those Jews who had believed him: “If you remain constant to my teaching, then even you are really my disciples;
32 and you will find out the Truth, and the Truth will set you free.”
33 “We are descendants of Abraham,” was their answer, “and have never yet been in slavery to any one. What do you mean by saying ‘you will be set free’?”
34 “Believe me,” Jesus replied, “all who sin are slaves to sin.
35 Now a slave does not remain in the home always; but a son does.
36 So if the Son sets you free, then you will be free without doubt.
37 I know that you are descendants of Abraham; yet you are eager to put me to death, because my teaching finds no place in your hearts.
38 I tell you only what I have myself seen when in the presence of the Father. Your part therefore is to do what you have learnt from the Father.”
39 “Our father is Abraham,” was their answer. “If you are Abraham’s children,” Jesus answered, “do what Abraham did.
40 But, as it is, you are eager to put me to death—a man who has told you the Truth as he heard it from God. Abraham did not act in that way.
41 You are doing what your own father does.” “We are not bastards,” they said, “we have one Father—God himself.”
42 “If God were your Father,” Jesus replied, “you would love me, for I came out of God himself, and am now here; nor have I come of myself, but I am his Messenger.
43 Why is it that you do not understand what I say? It is because you cannot bear to listen to my Message.
44 As for you, you are children of your father the Devil, and you are determined to do what your father loves to do. He was a murderer from the first, and has no place in the truth, because there is no truth in him. Whenever he lies, he is doing what is natural to him; because he is a liar, and the father of lying.
45 But, as for me, it is because I speak the truth to you that you do not believe me.
46 Which of you can convict me of sin? Why then do you not believe me, if I am speaking truth?
47 God’s children listen to God’s teaching; the reason why you do not listen is because you are not God’s children.”
48 “Are not we right, after all,” the Jews replied, “in saying that you are a Samaritan, and are possessed?”
49 “I am not possessed,” Jesus answered, “but I am showing reverence for my Father; and yet you have no reverence for me.
50 Not that I am eager for honour for myself; there is one who is eager for my honour, and he decides.
51 Believe me, if any one lays my Message to heart, he will never really die.”
52 “Now we are sure that you are possessed,” the Jews replied. “Abraham died, and so did the Prophets; and yet you say, ‘If any one lays my Message to heart, he will never die.’
53 Are you greater than our ancestor Abraham, who died? And the Prophets died too. Whom do you make yourself out to be?”
54 “If I do honour to myself,” Jesus answered, “such honour counts for nothing. It is my Father who does me honour—and you say that he is your God;
55 and yet you have not learnt to know him; but I know him; and if I were to say that I do not, I should be a liar like you; but I do know him, and I lay his Message to heart.
56 Your ancestor Abraham rejoiced that he would see my day; and he did see it, and was glad indeed.”
57 “You are not fifty years old yet,” the Jews exclaimed, “and have you seen Abraham?”
58 “Believe me,” Jesus replied, “before Abraham was born I was already what I am.”
59 At this they took up stones to throw at him; but Jesus hid himself, and left the Temple Courts.
9:1 ¶ Jesus, in passing, noticed a man who had been blind from his birth.
2 “Rabbi,” the disciples asked, “who was it that sinned, this man or his parents, that he should have been born blind?”
3 “It was not that the man sinned, or his parents either,” Jesus replied; “but he was born blind that what God is doing might be exhibited in his case.
4 We must do what he who sent me is doing, while it is day; night is coming, when no one can do anything.
5 As long as I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.”
6 Saying this, Jesus spat on the ground, made paste with the saliva, and put it on the man’s eyes.
7 “Go,” he said, “and wash your eyes in the Bath of Siloam” (a word which means ‘Messenger’). So the man went and washed his eyes, and returned able to see.
9:8 ¶ Upon this the neighbours, and those who had formerly known him by sight as a beggar, exclaimed: “Is not this the man who used to sit and beg?”
9a “Yes, it is” some said; while others said: “No, but he is like him.”
9:9b ¶ He himself said: “I am the man.”
10 “How did you get your sight, then?” they asked.
11 “The man they call Jesus,” he answered, “made paste, and anointed my eyes, and said to me, ‘Go to Siloam and wash your eyes.’ So I went and washed my eyes, and gained my sight.”
12 “Where is he?” they asked. “I do not know,” he answered.
¶ They then took the man who had been blind to the Pharisees.
14 Now it was a Sabbath when Jesus made the paste and gave him his sight.
15 So the man was again questioned—this time by the Pharisees—as to how he had gained his sight. “He put paste on my eyes,” he answered, “and I washed them, and I can see.”
16 “The man is not from God,” said some of the Pharisees, “for he does not keep the Sabbath.” “How is it possible,” retorted others, “for a bad man to give signs like this?” So there was a division of opinion among them.
17 They again questioned the man: “What do you yourself say about him, now that he has given you your sight?” “He is a Prophet,” the man replied.
¶ The Jews, however, refused to believe that he had been blind and had gained his sight, until they had called his parents,
19 and questioned them. “Is this your son, who you say was born blind?” they asked. “If so, how is it that he can see now?”
20 “We know that this is our son,” the parents answered, “and we know that he was born blind;
21 but how it is that he can see now we do not know; nor do we know who it was that gave him his sight. Ask him himself—he is old enough—he will tell you about himself.”
22 His parents spoke in this way because they
were afraid of the Jews; for the Jews had already agreed that, if any one
should acknowledge Jesus as the
23 This was why his parents said, ‘He is old enough; ask him himself.’
24 So the Jews again called the man who had been blind, and said to him: “Give the honour of your cure to God; we know that this is a bad man.”
25 “I do not know about his being a bad man,” he replied; “one thing I do know, that although I was blind, I can see now.”
26 “What did he do to you?” they asked. “How did he give you your sight?”
27 “I told you just now,” he answered, “and you did not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? You, surely, do not want to become his disciples?”
28 “You are his disciple,” they retorted scornfully; “but we are disciples of Moses.
29 We know that God spoke to Moses; but as for this man, we do not know where he comes from.”
30 “Well,” the man replied, “this is very strange; you do not know where he comes from, and yet he has given me my sight!
31 We know that God never listens to bad men, but when a man is religious and does God’s will, God listens to him.
32 Since the world began, such a thing was never heard of as any one giving sight to a person born blind.
33 If this man had not been from God, he could not have done anything at all.”
34 “You,” they retorted, “were born totally depraved; and is it for you to teach us?” So they put him out.
¶ Jesus heard of their having put him out; and when he had found the man, he asked: “Do you believe in the Son of Man?”
36 “Who is he, Master,” he replied, “so that I may believe in him.”
37 “You have already seen him,” Jesus said; “and he it is who is now speaking to you.”
38 “Then, Master, I do believe,” the man said, bending low before him;
39 and Jesus added: “I came into this world to carry out God’s decisions, in order that those that cannot see may see, and that those that can see may become blind.”
40 Hearing this, some of the Pharisees who were with him said: “Then are we blind too?”
41 “If you had been blind,” Jesus replied, “you would have had no sin to answer for; but as it is, you say, ‘We can see’; so your sin remains.
10:1 ¶ Believe me, any one who does not go into the sheepfold through the door, but climbs up at some other place, is undoubtedly a thief and a robber;
2 but the man who goes in through the door is shepherd to the sheep.
3 For him the watchman opens the door; and the sheep listen to his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out.
4 When he has got his own sheep all out, he walks in front of them, and the sheep follow him, because they know his voice.
5 They will never follow a stranger, but will run away from him; because they do not know a stranger’s voice.”
10:6 ¶ Jesus gave them this illustration; yet they did not understand of what he was speaking.
10:7 ¶ So he continued: “I, believe me, am the Door for the sheep.
8 All who came before me are thieves and robbers; but the sheep did not listen to them.
9 I am the Door; those who go in through me will be safe, and they will go in and come out and find pasture.
10 The thief only comes to steal, and kill, and destroy; I have come that they may have Life, and may have it in abundance.
11 I am the Good Shepherd. A good shepherd lays down his life for his sheep.
12 A hired man who is not the shepherd, and does not own the sheep, when he sees a wolf coming, leaves them, and runs away; then the wolf catches them, and scatters the flock.
13 It is because he is only a hired man that he does this, and because he does not care about the sheep.
14 I am the Good Shepherd; and I know my sheep, and my sheep know me—
15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father—and I lay down my life for the sheep.
16 I have other sheep besides, which do not belong to this fold; I must lead those also, and they will listen to my voice; and they will become one flock under one Shepherd.
17 This is why the Father loves me, because I lay down my life—to receive it again.
18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to receive it again. This is the command which I received from my Father.”
¶ In consequence of these words, a division of opinion again arose among the Jews.
20 Many of them said: “He is possessed and is mad; why do you listen to him?”
21 Others said: “This is not the teaching of one who is possessed by an evil spirit. Can an evil spirit give sight to the blind?”
¶ After this the
Festival of the Re-dedication took place at
23 and Jesus was walking in the Temple Courts, in the Colonnade of Solomon,
24 when the Jews came round him, and said:
“How long are you going to keep us in suspense? If you really are the
25 “I have told you so,” Jesus replied, “and you do not believe me. All the things that I am doing by my Father’s authority bear testimony to me.
26 You, however, do not believe me, because you are not among my sheep.
27 My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me;
28 and I give them enduring Life, and they shall never be lost; nor shall any one snatch them out of my hands.
29 What my Father has entrusted to me is of more importance than all else; and no one can snatch anything out of my Father’s hands.
30 The Father and I are one.”
31 The Jews again armed themselves with stones, to throw at him.
32 Seeing this, Jesus said: “I have done in your presence many good actions, which were due to the Father; which of them would you stone me for?”
33 “It is not for any good action that we stone you,” the Jews answered, “but for blasphemy; and because you, who are only a man, make yourself out to be God.”
34 “Are there not,” Jesus replied, “these words in your Law—‘I said “Ye are gods” ’?
35 If those to whom God’s words were addressed were said to be ‘gods’—and Scripture cannot be set aside—
36 do you say of one whom the Father has consecrated and made his Messenger to the world ‘You are blasphemous,’ because I said ‘I am God’s Son’?
37 If I am not doing the things my Father is doing, do not believe me;
38 but if I am doing them, even though you do not believe me, believe what these things show; so that you may learn, and continue to learn, that the Father is in union with me, and I with the Father.”
39 This made the Jews again eager to arrest him; but he escaped their hands.
¶ Then Jesus crossed the
41 during which many people came to see him. “John gave no sign of his mission,” they said; “but everything that he said about this man was true.”
42 And many learnt to believe in him in that place.
11:1 ¶ Now a man named Lazarus of Bethany was lying ill; he belonged to the same village as Mary and her sister Martha.
2 This Mary, whose brother Lazarus was ill, was the Mary who anointed the Master with perfume, and wiped his feet with her hair.
3 The sisters sent a message to Jesus to tell him that his friend was ill.
4 On hearing it, Jesus said: “This illness is not to end in death, but is for the honour of God, in order that the Son of God may win honor through it.”
5 Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus were very dear to Jesus.
6 Yet when he heard of the illness of Lazarus, he still stayed two days in the place where he was.
7 Then, after that, he said to his disciples: “Let us go to
8 “Rabbi,” they replied, “the Jews were but just now eager to stone you; and are you going there again?”
9 “Are not there twelve hours in the day?” answered Jesus; “now if any one travels by day, he does not stumble, because he can see the light of the sun;
10 but if any one travels by night, he stumbles, because he has not the light.”
11 When he had said this, he added: “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep; but I am going there to wake him.”
12 “If he has fallen asleep, Master, he will get well,” said the disciples.
13 But Jesus meant that he was dead; they, however, supposed that he was speaking of natural sleep.
14 Then he said to them plainly: “Lazarus is dead;
15 and I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, so that you may learn to believe in me. But let us go to him.”
16 At this, Thomas, who was called ‘The Twin,’ said to his fellow-disciples: “Let us go too, so that we may die with him.”
¶ When Jesus arrived, he found that Lazarus had been four days in the tomb already.
19 a number of the Jews had come there to condole with Martha and Mary about their brother.
20 When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went to meet him; but Mary remained sitting in the house.
21 “Master,” Martha said to Jesus, “if you had been here, my brother would not have died!
22 Even now, I know that God will grant you whatever you ask him.”
23 “Your brother shall rise to life,” Jesus said.
24 “I know that he will,” Martha replied, “at the resurrection at the Last Day.”
25 “I myself,” Jesus said, “am the Resurrection and the Life. Those that believe in me, though they die, will live;
26 and all who are alive and believe in me will never die at all. Do you believe this?”
27 “Yes, Master,” she answered; “I have learnt
to believe that you are the
¶ After saying this, Martha went and called her sister Mary, and whispered: “The Teacher is here, and is asking for you.”
29 As soon as Mary heard that, she got up quickly, and went to meet him.
30 Jesus had not yet come into the village, but was still at the place where Martha met him.
31 So the Jews who were in the house with Mary, condoling with her, when they saw her get up quickly and go out, followed her, under the impression that she was going to the tomb to weep there.
32 When Mary came where Jesus was, and saw him, she threw herself at his feet. “Master,” she exclaimed, “if you had been here, I should not have lost my brother!”
33 When Jesus saw her in tears, as well as the Jews who had come with her, he groaned deeply, and became greatly agitated.
34 “Where have you buried him?” he asked. “Come and see, Master,” they answered.
35 Jesus burst into tears.
36 “How he must have loved him!” the Jews exclaimed;
37 but some of them said: “Could not this man who gave sight to the blind man have also prevented Lazarus from dying?”
¶ Again groaning inwardly, Jesus came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone was lying against the mouth of it.
39 “Move the stone away,” said Jesus. “Master,” said Martha, the sister of the dead man, “by this time the smell must be offensive, for this is the fourth day since his death.”
40 “Did I not tell you,” Jesus replied, “that if you would believe in me, you should see the glory of God?”
41 So they moved the stone away; and Jesus, with uplifted eyes, said: “Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard my prayer;
42 for myself, I knew that thou always hearest me; but it is for the sake of the people standing round me that I say this, so that they may believe that I am thy Messenger.”
43 After saying this, Jesus called out loudly: “Lazarus, come here.”
44 The dead man walked out, wrapped hand and foot in a winding-sheet; his face, too, had been wrapped in a cloth. “Set him free,” Jesus said, “and let him go.”
¶ In consequence of this, many of the Jews, who had come to visit Mary and had seen what Jesus did, learnt to believe in him.
46 Some of them, however, went to the Pharisees, and told them all that he had done.
¶ Upon this the Chief Priests and the Pharisees called a meeting of the High Council, and said: “What are we to do, now that this man is giving so many signs?
48 If we let him alone like this, everybody
will believe in him; and the Romans will come and will rob us of our
49 One of them, however, named Caiaphas, who was High Priest that year, said to them: “You know nothing about it.
50 You do not consider that it is for your advantage that one man should die for the people, instead of the whole nation being destroyed.”
51 Now he did not say this of his own accord; but as High Priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus was to die for the nation—
52 and not for the nation only, but that he might also unite in one body the Children of God now scattered far and wide.
53 So from that day they plotted to put Jesus to death.
¶ In consequence of this, Jesus did not go publicly about among the Jews any more, but left that neighbourhood, and went into the country bordering on the desert, to a town called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples.
55 But the Jewish Festival of the Passover was
near; and numbers of people had gone up from the country to
56 So they looked for Jesus there, and said to one another, as they stood in the Temple Courts: “What do you think? Do you think he will not come to the Festival?”
¶ The Chief Priests and Pharisees had already issued orders that, if any one learnt where Jesus was, he should give information, so that they might arrest him.
12:1 ¶ Six days before the Passover, Jesus
2 There a supper was given in his honour, Martha waiting at table, and Lazarus being one of the guests.
3 Mary took a pound of choice spikenard perfume of great value, and anointed the feet of Jesus with it, and then wiped them with her hair, the whole house being filled with the scent of the perfume.
4 One of the disciples, Judas Iscariot, who was about to betray Jesus, asked:
5 “Why was not this perfume sold for thirty pounds, and the money given to the poor?”
6 He did not say this, however, because he cared about the poor, but because he had charge of the purse and was a thief, and used to take what was put in it.
7 “Let her alone,” said Jesus, “so that she may keep it for the day of my burial.
8 You always have the poor with you, but you will not always have me.”
12:9 ¶ Now great
numbers of the Jews found out that Jesus was at
10 The Chief Priests, however, plotted to put Lazarus, as well as Jesus, to death,
11 because it was owing to him that many of the Jews had left them, and were becoming believers in Jesus.
¶ On the
following day the great crowd of people who had come to the Festival, hearing
that Jesus was on his way to
13 took some of the branches of the palm trees, and went out to meet him, shouting aloud as they went: | “ ‘God bless him! | Blessed is the One who Comes in the name of the Lord’— | Even the King of Israel!”
14 Jesus, having found a young ass, seated himself on it, in accordance with the passage of Scripture—
15 | ‘Fear not, Daughter of Zion; | Behold, thy King is coming to thee, | Sitting on the foal of an ass.’
16 ¶ His disciples did not understand all this at first; but when Jesus had entered on his glory, then they remembered that these things had been said in Scripture about him, and that they had done these things to him.
17 Meanwhile the people who were with him, when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead, were telling every one about it.
18 This, indeed, was why the crowd met him—because people had heard that he had given this sign of his mission.
19 So the Pharisees said to one another: “You see that you are gaining nothing! Why, all the world has run after him!”
¶ Among those who had come up to worship at the Festival were some Greeks,
21 who went to Philip of Bethsaida
22 Philip went and told Andrew, and then together they went and told Jesus.
23 This was his reply— “The time is come for the Son of Man to enter on his glory.
24 Believe me, unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains solitary; but if it dies, it becomes very fruitful.
25 Those who love their lives lose them; while those who hate their lives in the present world will preserve them for enduring Life.
26 If any one is serving me, he must follow me; and where I am, my servant will be. If any one is serving me, my Father will honour him.
27 Now I am troubled at heart, and what can I say? Father, bring me safe out of this time of trial—yet it was for this very reason that I came to this time—
28 Father, honour thine own name.” At this there came a voice from the sky, which said: “I have already honoured it, and I will honour it again.”
29 The crowd of bystanders, who heard the sound, exclaimed: “That was thunder!” Others said: “It was an angel speaking to him.”
30 “It was not for my sake that the voice came,” Jesus said, “but for yours.
31 This world is now on its trial. The Spirit that rules it will now be driven out;
32 and I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself.”
33 By these words he indicated what kind of death he was going to die.
34 “We have learnt from the Law,” the people
replied, “that the ‘
35 “It is only a little while longer,” Jesus answered, “that you will have the Light among you. Travel on while you have the Light, so that darkness may not overtake you; for those who travel in the darkness do not know where they is going.
36a While you still have the Light, believe in it, so that you may become truly enlightened”
12:36b ¶ Having said this, Jesus went away, and hid himself from them.
37 But though Jesus had given so many signs of his mission before their eyes, they still did not believe in him,
38 in fulfilment of the words of the Prophet Isaiah, where he says— | ‘Lord, who has believed our report? | And to whom has the might of the Lord been revealed?’
39 The reason why they were unable to believe is given by Isaiah elsewhere, in these words—
40 | ‘He has blinded their eyes, | And blunted their mind, | So that they should not see with their eyes, | And understand with their mind, and turn— | And then I should cure them.’
41 Isaiah said this, because he saw
42 Yet for all this, even among the leading men there were many who came to believe in Jesus; but on account of the Pharisees they did not acknowledge it, for fear they should be expelled from their Synagogues;
43 for they valued the praise of men more than that of God.
¶ Now Jesus, speaking loudly, had said: “Those who believe in me believe not so much in me as in him who sent me;
45 and those who see me see him who sent me.
46 I have come as a Light into the world, so that all who believe in me may not remain in the darkness.
47 If any one hears my teaching and pays no attention to it, it is not I who judge him; for I have not come to judge the world, but to save it.
48 Those who reject me, and disregard my teaching, have a judge already—the very Message which I have delivered will itself be their judge at the Last Day.
49 For I have not delivered it on my own authority; but the Father, who sent me, has himself given me his command as to what I should say, and what message I should deliver.
50 Moreover, I know that enduring Life lies in what he commands. So, whatever I say, I only say what the Father has told me.”
13:1 ¶ Before the Passover Festival began, Jesus knew that the time had come for him to leave the world and go to the Father; but he had loved those who were his own in the world, and he loved them to the last.
13:2 ¶ The Devil had already put the thought of betraying Jesus into the mind of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simeon; and at supper,
3 Jesus—knowing that the Father had put everything into his hands, and that he had come from God, and was returning to God—
4 got up from his place, and taking off his upper garments, tied a towel round his waist.
5 He then poured some water into the basin, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel which was tied round him.
6 When he came to Simon Peter, Peter said: “You, Master! Are you going to wash my feet?”
7 “You cannot understand now what I am doing,” replied Jesus, “but you will learn by and by.”
8 “You shall never wash my feet!” Peter exclaimed. “Unless I do wash you,” Jesus answered, “you have nothing in common with me.”
9 “Then, Master, not my feet only,” exclaimed Simon Peter, “but my hands and head too.”
10 “Those who have bathed,” replied Jesus, “have no need to wash, unless it be their feet, but are altogether clean; and you,” he said to the disciples, “are clean, but not every one of you.”
11 For he knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said that they were not every one of them clean.
12 When he had washed their feet, and had put on his upper garments and taken his place, he spoke to them again. “Do you understand what I have been doing to you?” he asked.
13 “You call me ‘the Teacher’ and ‘the Master,’ and you are right, for I am both.
14 If I, then—‘the Master’ and ‘the Teacher’—have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet;
15 for I have given you an example, so that you may do just as I have done to you.
16 A servant, believe me, is not greater than his master, nor yet a messenger than the man who sends him.
17 Now that you know these things, you will be happy if you do them.
18 I am not speaking about all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but this is in fulfillment of the words of Scripture— | ‘He that is eating my bread | Has lifted his heel against me.’
19 For the future I shall tell you of things before they take place, so that when they do, you may believe that I am what I say.
20 Those, I assure you, who receive any one that I send are receiving me; and those who receive me are receiving him who sent me.”
¶ After saying this, Jesus was deeply moved, and said very solemnly: “It is one of you who will betray me.”
22 The disciples looked at one another, wondering whom he meant.
23 Next to Jesus, in the place on his right hand, was one of his disciples, who was very dear to him.
24 Simon Peter made signs to that disciple, and whispered: “Tell me who it is that he means.”
25 Being in the position in which he was, this disciple leant back on Jesus’ shoulder, and asked him: “Who is it, Master?”
26 “It is the one,” answered Jesus, “to whom I shall give a piece of bread after dipping it.” And when Jesus had dipped the piece of bread, he took it and gave it to Judas, the son of Simeon Iscariot;
27 and it was then, after he had received it, that Satan took possession of him. So Jesus said to him: “Do what you are going to do at once.”
28 No one at table understood why he said this to Judas.
29 Some thought, as Judas kept the purse, that Jesus meant that he was to buy some things needed for the Festival, or to give something to the poor.
30 After taking the piece of bread, Judas immediately went out. It was then night.
¶ When Judas had gone out, Jesus said: “Now the Son of Man has been honoured, and God has been honoured in him;
32 and God will in himself honour him—and that immediately.
¶ My children, I am to be with you but a little while longer. You will look for me; and what I said to the Jews—‘You cannot come where I am going’—I now say to you.
34 I give you a new commandment—Love one another; love one another just as I have loved you.
35 It is by this that every one will recognize you as my disciples—by the love you bear one another.”
36 “Where are you going, Master?” Peter asked. “I am going where you cannot now follow me,” Jesus answered, “but you shall follow me later.”
37 “Why cannot I follow you now, Master?” asked Peter. “I will lay down my life for you.”
38 “Will you lay down your life for me?” Jesus replied. “Believe me, the cock will not crow till you have disowned me three times.
14:1 ¶ Do not any of you be disheartened. Believe in God, and believe in me, too.
2 In my Father’s house there are many rooms. If it had not been so, I should have told you; I am going to prepare a place for you.
3 And if I do go and prepare it, I shall return, and will take you to be with me, so that you may be where I am;
4 and you know the way to the place where I am going.”
5 “We do not know where you are going, Master,” said Thomas, “so how can we know the way?”
6 “I myself,” Jesus answered, “am the Way, the Truth, and the Life; no one ever comes to the Father except through me.
7 If you had recognized me, you would have known my Father too; for the future, however, you will recognize him; indeed you have already seen him.”
8 “Master, show us the Father,” said Philip, “and we shall be satisfied.”
9 “Have I been all this time among you,” Jesus said, “and yet you, Philip, have not recognized me? Those who have seen me have seen the Father, so how can you still say, ‘Show us the Father’?
10 Do you not believe that I am in union with the Father, and the Father with me? The truths which I tell you are not given on my own authority; but it is the Father who, being always in union with me, is doing these things himself.
11 Believe me,” he said to them all, “when I say that I am in union with the Father and the Father with me, or else believe me on account of these very things which you see.
¶ I tell you, those who believe in me will themselves do the things that I am doing; and will do greater things still, because I am going to the Father.
14 If you ask anything as my followers, I will do it.
¶ If you love me, you will lay my commands to heart,
16 and I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you always—
17 I mean the Spirit of Truth. The world cannot receive this Spirit because it does not see him or recognize him, but you recognize him, because he is always with you, and is within you.
18 I will not leave you bereaved; I will come to you.
19 In a little while the world will see me no more, but you will still see me, because I am always living and you will be living also.
20 At that time you will recognize that I am in union with the Father, and you with me, and I with you.
21 It is those who have my commands and lay them to heart that love me; and those who love me will be loved by my Father, and I, too, will love them, and will reveal myself to them.”
22 “What has happened, Master,” said Judas (not Judas Iscariot), “that you are going to reveal yourself to us, and not to the world?”
23 “Whoever loves me,” Jesus answered, “will lay my teaching to heart; and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.
24 Those who do not love me will not lay my teaching to heart; and the teaching you are listening to is not my own, but that of the Father who sent me.
¶ I have told you all this while still with you,
26 but the Helper—the holy Spirit whom the Father will send to represent me—will teach you everything, and will remind you of everything that I have said to you.
27 And now I leave you a blessing; it is my own blessing that I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not be disheartened, or dismayed.
28 You heard me say that I was going away and would return to you. If you loved me you would have been glad that I was going to the Father, because the Father is greater than I.
29 So I have told you now before it happens, that when it does, you may still believe in me.
30 I shall not talk with you much more, for the Spirit that rules the world is coming. Not that he has anything in common with me;
31 but he is coming that the world may see that I love the Father, and that I do just as the Father commanded me. Come, let us be going.
15:1 ¶ I am the True Vine, and my Father is the Vine-grower.
2 He removes any of my branches that do not bear fruit, and cleans every branch that does, that it may bear still more.
3 You are already clean because of the teaching that I have given you.
4 Remain united to me and I will remain united to you. As a branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it remain united to the vine; no more can you, unless you remain united to me.
5 I am the Vine, you are the branches. Those that remain united to me while I remain united to them are those who bear fruit plentifully; for you can do nothing apart from me.
6 Any one who does not remain united to me is thrown away, as a branch would be, and withers up. Such branches are collected and thrown into the fire, and are burnt.
7 If you remain united to me, and my teaching remains in your hearts, ask whatever you wish, and you shall have it.
8 It is by your bearing fruit plentifully, and so showing yourselves my disciples, that my Father is honoured.
9 As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you; keep in my love always.
10 If you lay my commands to heart, you will keep in my love; just as I have laid the Father’s commands to heart and always keep in his love.
11 I have told you all this so that my own happiness may be yours, and that your happiness may be complete.
12 This is the command I give you—Love one another, as I have loved you.
13 No one can give greater proof of love than by laying down his life for his friends.
14 And you are my friends, if you do what I command you.
15 I no longer call you ‘servants,’ because a servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have given you the name of ‘friends,’ because I have made known to you everything that I learnt from my Father.
16 It was not you who chose me, but I who chose you, and I sent you to go and bear fruit—fruit that should be lasting, so that the Father might grant you whatever you ask as my followers.
¶ I am giving you these commands so that you may love one another.
18 If the world hates you, do not forget that it has first hated me.
19 If you belonged to the world, the world would love what was its own; but because you do not belong to it, but I have chosen you out of it—that is why the world hates you.
20 Remember what I said to you—‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have laid my teaching to heart, they will lay yours to heart too.
21 But they will do all this to you on my account, because they do not know him who sent me.
22 If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have had no sin to answer for; but as it is, they have no excuse for their sin.
23 Those who hate me hate my Father too.
24 If I had not done among them such things as no one else ever did, they would have had no sin to answer for; but as it is, they have both seen and hated both me and my Father.
25 And so is fulfilled what is said in their Law—‘They hated me without cause.’
26 But when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father—I mean the Spirit of Truth, who comes from the Father—he will bear testimony to me;
27 yes, and you also are to bear testimony, because you have been with me from the first.
16:1 ¶ I have spoken to you in this way so that you may not falter.
2 They will expel you from their Synagogues; indeed the time is coming when any one who kills you will think that he is making an offering to God.
3 They will do this, because they have not learnt to know the Father, or even me.
4 But I have spoken to you of these things that, when the time for them comes, you may remember that I told you about them myself. I did not tell you all this at first, because I was with you.
5 Now, however, I am returning to him who sent me; and yet not one of you asks me where I am going,
6 although your hearts are full of sorrow at all that I have been saying to you.
7 Yet I am only telling you the truth. It is for your good that I am going away. Otherwise the Helper will never come to you, but if I leave you, I will send him to you.
8 And he, when he comes, will bring conviction to the world about Sin, and about Righteousness, and about Judgement;
9 about Sin, as proved by men not believing in me;
10 about Righteousness, as proved by my going to the Father, and your not seeing me any longer;
11 about Judgement, as proved by the judgement passed upon the Spirit that rules this world.
12 I have still much to say to you, but you cannot bear it at present.
13 But when he—the Spirit of Truth—comes, he will guide you into the whole Truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but will speak all that he learns; and he will tell you of the things that are coming.
14 He will honour me; because he will take of what is mine, and will tell it to you.
15 Everything that the Father has is mine; that is why I say that he takes of what is mine, and will tell it to you.
¶ In a little while you will no longer see me; and then in a little while you will see me indeed.”
17 At this some of his disciples said to one another: “What does he mean by saying to us, ‘In a little while you will no longer see me, and then in a little while you will see me indeed’; and by saying, ‘Because I am going to the Father’?
18 What does he mean by, ‘In a little while’?” they kept saying; “we do not know what he is speaking about.”
19 Jesus noticed that they were wanting to ask him a question, and said: “Are you trying to find out from one another what I meant by saying, ‘In a little while you will no longer see me; and then in a little while you will see me indeed’?
20 Believe me, you will weep and mourn, but the world will be happy; you will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will turn to happiness.
21 A woman in labour is sorry that her time has come; but no sooner is the child born, than she forgets her trouble in her happiness that another life has been brought into the world.
22 You, in the same way, are sorry now; but I shall see you again, and your hearts will be happy, and no one will rob you of your happiness.
23 And at that time you will not ask any questions of me; believe me, if you ask the Father for anything, he will grant it to you as my followers.
24 So far, you have not asked for anything as my followers; ask, and you will have, so that your happiness may be complete.
25 I have spoken to you of all this in figurative language; a time is coming, however, when I shall not speak any longer to you in such language, but shall tell you about the Father in plain words.
26 You will ask, at that time, as my followers; and I do not say that I will intercede with the Father for you;
27 for the Father loves you himself, because you have loved me, and have believed that I came from beside the Father.
28 I did come out of the Father, and have come into the world; and further, I am leaving the world, and going to the Father.”
29 “Now,” exclaimed the disciples, “you are using plain words, and not speaking figuratively at all.
30 Now we are sure that you know everything, and need not wait for any one to question you. This makes us believe that you did come from God.”
31 “Do you believe that already?” Jesus answered.
32 “Listen! a time is coming—indeed it has already come—when you are to be scattered, each going his own way, leaving me alone; and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me.
33 I have spoken to you in this way, so that in me you may find peace. In the world you will find trouble; yet take courage! I have conquered the world.”
17:1 ¶ After speaking thus, Jesus raised his eyes heavenwards, and said: “Father, the time has come; honour thy Son, so that thy Son may honour thee.
2 Thou gavest him power over all mankind, so that he should give enduring Life to all those whom thou hast given him.
3 And this
enduring Life is to know thee as the only true God, and thy Messenger, Jesus,
4 I have honoured thee on earth by completing the work which thou hast given me to do;
5 and now do thou honour me, Father, at thy own side, with the honour which I had beside thee before the world began.
6 ¶ I have revealed thee to the men whom thou gavest me from the world; they were thy own, and thou gavest them to me; and they have laid thy Message to heart.
7 They recognize now that everything that thou gavest me was from thee;
8 for I have given them the teaching which thou gavest me, and they received it, and clearly understood that it was from beside thee that I came, and they believed that I was thy Messenger.
9 I intercede for them; I am not interceding for the world, but for those whom thou hast given me, for they are thy own—
10 as indeed all that is mine is thine, and all that is thine is mine— and I am honoured in them.
11 Now I am to be in this world no longer, but they are still in it, and I am coming to be with thee. Holy Father, keep them in the knowledge of thyself which thou hast given me, so that they may be one, as we are.
12 While with them, I kept them in that knowledge, and I have protected them; and not one of them has been lost, except the one who was sure to be lost—in fulfilment of Scripture.
13 But now I am coming to be with thee; and I am speaking thus while still in the world, so that they may have my own happiness, in all its fullness, in their hearts.
14 I have given them thy Message; and the world hated them, because they do not belong to it any more than I.
15 I do not ask thee to take them away from the world, but to keep them away from Evil.
16 They do not belong to the world any more than I.
17 Make them devoted to the Truth; the Message thou sendest is Truth.
18 Just as I am thy Messenger to the world, so they are my Messengers to it.
19 And it is for their sakes that I am devoting myself, so that they also may be truly devoted.
¶ But it is not only for them that I am interceding, but also for those who become believers in me through their teaching,
21 that they all may be one—that just as thou, Father, art in union with me and I with thee, so they also may be in union with us—and so the world may believe that I was thy Messenger.
22 I have given them the honour which thou hast given me, that they may be one just as we are—
23 I in union with them and thou with me—that so they may be perfectly one, and thus the world may know that I was thy Messenger, and that thou hast loved them just as thou hast loved me.
24 Father, my desire for all those whom thou hast given me is that they may be with me where I shall be, so that they may see the honour which thou has given me; for thou didst love me before the beginning of the world.
25 O righteous Father, though the world did not know thee, I knew thee; and these men knew me to be thy Messenger.
26 I have made thee known to them, and will do so still; so that such love as thou hast to me may be in their hearts, as I myself will be.”
18:1 ¶ When Jesus had said this, he went out with his disciples and crossed the brook Kidron to a place where there was a garden, into which he and his disciples went.
2 The place was well known to Judas, the betrayer, for Jesus and his disciples had often met there.
3 So Judas, who had obtained the soldiers of the Roman garrison, and some constables from the Chief Priests and Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
4 Jesus, aware of all that was coming upon him, went to meet them, and said to them: “Who is it that you are looking for?”
5 “Jesus of
6 When Jesus said, ‘I am he,’ they drew back and fell to the ground.
7 So he again asked who they were looking for, and they answered: “Jesus of Nazareth.”
8 “I have already told you that I am he,” Jesus replied, “so if you are looking for me, allow these men to go.”
18:9 ¶ This was in fulfilment of his words—‘Of those whom thou hast given me I have not lost one.’
¶ At this, Simon Peter, having a sword with him, drew it, and aimed a blow at the High Priest’s servant, and struck off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.
11 Jesus, however, said to Peter: “Sheathe your sword. Shall I not drink the cup which the Father has given me?”
¶ The Colonel, with the soldiers of the garrison and the Jewish constables, arrested Jesus and put him in chains,
13 and took him first of all to Annas. Annas was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was High Priest that year.
14 It was Caiaphas who had counselled the Jews, that it was for their advantage that one man should die for the people.
¶ Meanwhile Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. That disciple, being well-known to the High Priest, went with Jesus into the High Priest’s court-yard,
16 while Peter stood outside by the door. Presently the other disciple—the one well-known to the High Priest—went out and spoke to the portress, and brought Peter in.
17 But she said to Peter: “Are not you one of this man’s disciples too?” “No, I am not,” he said.
18 The servants and constables were standing round a charcoal fire (which they had made because it was cold), and they were warming themselves. Peter, too, was with them, standing and warming himself.
¶ The High Priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about his teaching.
20 “For my part,” Jesus answered, “I have spoken to all the world openly. I always taught in some Synagogue, or in the Temple Courts, places where all the Jews assemble, and I never spoke of anything in secret.
21 Why put these questions to me? Question those who have listened to me as to what I have spoken about to them. They must know what I said.”
22 When Jesus said this, one of the constables, who was standing near, gave him a blow with his hand. “Do you answer the High Priest like that?” he exclaimed.
23 “If I said anything wrong, give evidence about it,” Jesus replied; “but if not, why do you strike me?”
24 Annas sent him in chains to Caiaphas the High Priest.
¶ Meanwhile Simon Peter was standing, warming himself; so they said to him: “Are not you one of his disciples too?” Peter denied it. “No, I am not,” he said.
26 One of the High Priest’s servants, a relation of the man whose ear Peter had struck off, asked Peter: “Did not I myself see you with him in the garden?”
27 Peter again denied it; and at that moment a cock crowed.
¶ From Caiaphas they took Jesus to the Government House. It was early in the morning. But they did not enter the Government House themselves—to avoid becoming ‘defiled’ and so being unable to eat the Passover.
29 So Pilate came outside to speak to them. “What charge do you bring against this man?” he asked.
30 “If he had not been a criminal, we should not have handed him over to you,” they answered.
31 “Take him yourselves,” said Pilate, “and try him by your own Law.” “We have no power to put any one to death,” the Jews replied—
32 in fulfilment of what Jesus had said when alluding to the kind of death he was going to die.
¶ After that, Pilate went into the Government House again, and calling Jesus, asked him: “Are you the King of the Jews?”
34 “Is that a suggestion of your own?” Jesus replied, “or have other people said that to you about me?”
35 “Do you take me for a Jew?” was Pilate’s answer. “It is your own nation and the Chief Priests who have handed you over to me. What is it that you have done?”
36 “My Kingdom,” replied Jesus, “is not one of the world’s kingdoms. If it had been so, my servants would have been fighting hard to prevent my being handed over to the Jews; but, as it is, my Kingdom is nothing of that kind.”
37 “So you are a King after all!” Pilate exclaimed. “Yes, I am a King, as you say,” Jesus answered. “I was born for this, I have come into the world for this—to bear testimony to the Truth. Every one who is on the side of Truth listens to my voice.”
38a “Truth! what is that?” exclaimed Pilate.
18:38b ¶ After saying this, he went out to the Jews again, and said: “For my part, I find nothing with which he can be charged.
39 It is, however, the custom for me to grant you the release of one man at the Passover Festival. Do you wish for the release of the King of the Jews?”
40 “No, not him,” they shouted again, “but Barabbas!” This Barabbas was a robber.
19:1 ¶ After that, Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.
2 The soldiers made a crown with some thorns and put it on his head and threw a purple robe round him.
3 They kept coming up to him and saying: “Long live the King of the Jews!”—giving him blow after blow with their hands.
4 Pilate again came outside, and said to the people: “Look! I am bringing him out to you, so that you may know that I find nothing with which he can be charged.”
5 So Jesus came outside, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe; and Pilate said to them: “Look, here is the man!”
6 When the Chief Priests and the constables saw him, they shouted: “Crucify him! Crucify him!” “Take him yourselves and crucify him,” said Pilate. “For my part, I find nothing with which he can be charged.”
7 “But we,” the Jews replied, “have a Law, under which he deserves death for making himself out to be the Son of God.”
19:8 ¶ When Pilate heard what they said, he became still more alarmed;
10 So Pilate said to him: “Do you refuse to speak to me? Do not you know that I have power to release you, and have power to crucify you?”
11 “You would have no power over me at all,” answered Jesus, “if it had not been given you from above; and for that reason the man who handed me over to you has the greater sin to answer for.”
12 After that, Pilate was anxious to release him; but the Jews shouted: “If you release that man, you are no friend of the Emperor’s! Any one who makes himself out to be a King is setting himself against the Emperor!”
19:13 ¶ On hearing what they said, Pilate brought Jesus out, and took his seat upon the Bench at a place called ‘The Stone Pavement,’ in Hebrew ‘Gabbatha.’
14 It was the Passover Preparation Day, and it was about . Then he said to the Jews: “Look! here is your King!”
15 They, however, shouted: “Kill him! Kill him! Crucify him!” “Am I to crucify your King?” exclaimed Pilate. “We have no King but the Emperor,” the Chief Priests replied;
16a whereupon Pilate handed Jesus over to them to be crucified.
19:16b ¶ So they took Jesus;
17 and he went out, carrying the cross for himself, to the place that is called, after a skull, ‘
18 There they crucified him, and two others with him—one on each side, and Jesus in the middle.
19 Pilate had a notice, too, written, and put
up over the cross. It ran—‘JESUS OF N
20 This notice was read by many of the Jews, because the part of the city where Jesus was crucified was near by; and the notice was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek.
22 But Pilate answered: “What I have written, I have written.”
¶ When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his clothes and divided them into four shares—a share for each soldier—and they took the coat too. The coat had no seam, being woven in one piece from top to bottom.
24 So they said to one another: “Do not let us tear it, but let us draw for it, to settle whose it is to be.” This was in fulfilment of the words of Scripture— | ‘They shared my clothes between them, | And over my clothing they cast lots.’ This was what the soldiers did.
25 Meanwhile, near the cross of Jesus were standing his mother and his mother’s sister, as well as Mary the wife of Clopas and Mary of Magdala.
26 When Jesus saw his mother, and the disciple who was very dear to him, standing near, he said to his mother: “There is your son.”
27 Then he said to that disciple: “There is your mother.” And from that time the disciple took her to live with him.
¶ Afterwards, knowing that everything was now finished, Jesus said, in fulfilment of the words of Scripture: “I am thirsty.”
29 There was a bowl standing there full of common wine; so they put a sponge soaked in the wine on the end of a hyssop-stalk, and held it up to his mouth.
30 When Jesus had received the wine, he exclaimed: “All is finished!” Then, bending his head, he resigned his spirit to God.
¶ It was the Preparation Day, and so in order to prevent the bodies remaining on the crosses during the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a great day), the Jews asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies removed.
32 Accordingly the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man, and then those of the other who had been crucified with him;
33 but on going up to Jesus, seeing that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
34 One of the soldiers, however, pierced his side with a lance, and blood and water immediately flowed from it.
35 This is the testimony of one who actually saw it—and his testimony is trustworthy, and he knows that he is speaking the truth—and it is given in order that you also may be convinced.
36 For all this took place in fulfilment of the words of Scripture— | “Not one of its bones shall be broken.”
37 And another passage also says— | “They will look upon him whom they pierced.”
19:38 ¶ After this, Joseph of Ramah, a disciple of Jesus—but a secret one, owing to his fear of the Jews—begged Pilate’s permission to remove the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him leave; so Joseph went and removed the body.
39 Nicodemus, too—the man who had formerly visited Jesus by night—came with a roll of myrrh and aloes, weighing nearly a hundred pounds.
40 They took the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen with the spices, according to the Jewish way of burial.
41 At the place where Jesus had been crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a newly-made tomb in which no one had ever been laid.
42 And so, because of its being the Preparation Day, and as the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.
20:1 ¶ On the first day of the week, early in the morning, while it was still dark, Mary of Magdala went to the tomb, and noticed that the stone had been removed.
2 So she came running to Simon Peter and to that other disciple who was dear to Jesus, and said to them: “They have taken away the Master out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him!”
20:3 ¶ Upon this, Peter set out with that other disciple—to go to the tomb.
4 The two began running together; but the other disciple ran faster than Peter, and reached the tomb first.
5 Stooping down he saw the linen wrappings lying on the ground, but did not go inside.
6 Presently Simon Peter came following behind him, and went inside the tomb. There he perceived the linen wrappings lying on the ground,
7 and the cloth which had been over Jesus’ head, not lying with the wrappings, but rolled up on one side separately.
8 Then the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, went inside too, and he himself saw and was convinced.
9 For they were not even then familiar with the passage of Scripture which says that Jesus had to rise from the dead.
10 The disciples then returned to their companions.
¶ Meanwhile Mary was standing close outside the tomb, sobbing. Still sobbing, she leant forward into the tomb,
12 and perceived two angels in white sitting there, one where the head of Jesus, and the other where his feet, had been lying.
13 “Why are you sobbing?” asked the angels. “They have taken my Master away,” she answered, “and I do not know where they have laid him.”
14 After saying this, she turned round, and perceived Jesus standing there, but did not know it was he.
15 “Why are you weeping? Who is it that you are looking for?” he asked her. Supposing him to be the gardener, Mary answered: “If it was you, Sir, who carried him away, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away myself.”
16 “Mary!” said Jesus. She turned round, and exclaimed in Hebrew: “Rabboni!” (or, as we should say, ‘Teacher’).
17 “Do not touch me,” Jesus said; “I have not yet gone up to the Father. But go to my Brothers, and tell them that I am going up to him who is my Father and their Father, my God and their God.”
18 Mary of Magdala went and told the disciples that she had seen the Master, and that he had said this to her.
20:19 ¶ In the evening of the same day—the first day of the week—after the doors of the room, where the disciples were, had been shut for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and gave them his blessing;
20 after which he showed them his hands and his side. The disciples were delighted at seeing the Master.
21 After blessing them again, Jesus said: “As the Father has made me his Messenger, so I am sending you.”
22 When he had said this, he breathed on them, and said: “Receive the holy Spirit;
23 if you forgive any one’s sins, they are forgiven them; and if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven.”
¶ But Thomas, one of the Twelve, called ‘The Twin,’ was not with them when Jesus came;
25 so the rest of the disciples began telling him that they had seen the Master. “Unless I see the marks of the nails in his hands,” he exclaimed, “and put my finger into the marks, and put my hand into his side, I will never believe it.”
¶ A week later the disciples were again in the house, and Thomas with them. After the doors had been shut, Jesus came and stood among them, and gave them his blessing.
27 Then he said to Thomas: “Place your finger here, and examine my hands; and place your hand here, and put it into my side; and do not be an unbeliever, but a believer.”
28 In answer to this, Thomas exclaimed: “My Master, and my God!”
29 “Is it because you have seen me that you have believed?” Jesus said. “Happy are those who have not seen, and yet have believed!”
¶ There were many other signs of his mission which Jesus gave in presence of the disciples which are not recorded in this book;
31 but these have been recorded that you may
believe that Jesus is the
21:1 ¶ Later on, Jesus showed himself again to
the disciples. It was by the
2 Simon Peter, Thomas, called ‘The Twin,’ Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, Zebediah’s sons, and two other disciples of Jesus, were all together,
3 when Simon Peter said: “I am going fishing.” “We will come too,” said the others. They went out and got into the boat, but caught nothing that night.
4 Just as day was breaking, Jesus came and stood on the beach; but the disciples did not know it was he.
5 “My children,” he said, “have you any fish?” “No,” they answered.
6 “Cast your net on the right-hand side of the boat,” he said, “and you will find some.” They did so, and now they could not haul it in on account of the quantity of fish in it.
7 Upon this, the disciple who was very dear to Jesus said to Peter: “It is the Master!” When Simon Peter heard that it was the Master, he fastened his coat round him (for he had taken it off), and threw himself into the lake.
8 But the rest of the disciples came in the boat (for they were only about a hundred yards from shore), dragging in the net full of fish.
9 When they had come ashore, they found a charcoal fire ready laid with some fish on it, and some bread.
10 “Bring some of the fish which you have just caught,” said Jesus.
11 So Simon Peter got into the boat and hauled the net to shore full of large fish, a hundred and fifty-three of them; and yet, although there were so many, the net had not been torn.
12 “Come and have breakfast,” said Jesus. Not one of the disciples ventured to ask him who he was, knowing it was the Master.
13 Jesus went and took the bread and gave it to them, and the fish too.
14 This made the third time that Jesus showed himself to the disciples after he had risen from the dead.
¶ When breakfast was over, Jesus said to Simon Peter: “Simon, son of John, are you more devoted to me than the others are?” “Yes, Master,” he answered, “you know that I love you.” “Feed my lambs,” said Jesus.
16 Then, a second time, Jesus asked: “Simon, son of John, are you devoted to me?” “Yes, Master,” he answered, “you know that I love you.” “Be a shepherd to my sheep,” said Jesus.
17 The third time, Jesus said to him: “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was pained at his third question being ‘Do you love me?’; and exclaimed: “Master, you know everything! You can tell that I do love you.” “Feed my sheep,” said Jesus.
18 “Believe me,” he continued, “when you were young, you used to put on your own girdle, and walk wherever you wished; but when you have grown old, you will have to hold out your hands, while some one else will put on your girdle, and take you where you do not wish.”
19 Jesus said this to show the kind of death by which Peter was to honour God; after saying it he added: “Follow me.”
¶ Peter turned round, and saw the disciple who was very dear to Jesus following—the one who at the supper leant back on the Master’s shoulder, and asked him who it was that would betray him.
21 Seeing him, Peter said to Jesus: “Master, what about this man?”
22 “If I were to choose that he should wait till I come,” answered Jesus, “what has that to do with you? Follow me yourself.”
23 Consequently the report spread among the Brethren that that disciple was not to die; but Jesus did not say that he was not to die, but said, “If I were to choose that he should wait till I come, what has that to do with you?”
¶ It is this disciple who testifies to these things, and who recorded them; and we know that his testimony is trustworthy.
¶ There are many other things which Jesus did; but if every one of them were to be recorded in detail, I do not suppose that even the world itself would hold the books that would have to be written.